Crucial Info for a Highly Successful Mushroom Cultivation
Go into a fancy restaurant. Take a look at the menu. How many do you see that has mushrooms as one of the ingredients? Mushrooms are making a comeback nowadays. These recent years mushroom cultivation has become some sort of artisanal.
More and more people are becoming interested in how to cultivate these globs. It would come to no surprise when some might even say that mushroom cultivation is enjoying a renaissance these past years.
Perhaps one of the many reasons why people just become hooked in mushroom cultivation is the fact that it is practically easy to grow, with fewer amounts of energy and cost expended. On the marketing side, the market is steadily growing, prompting even homemakers to have their own garden of mushrooms.
Whether you want to grow mushrooms for personal consumption or part of your entrepreneurial endeavor, there is no argument in saying that these little jewels are versatile ingredients in cooking.
Temperature and Humidity
These two factors are important when growing your batch of mushrooms backyard, or in any place for that matter. Mushrooms need to be placed in a cool place to healthily thrive. They also need to have humid surroundings as they use moisture from the environment to nourish themselves.
With these in mind, the best time to cultivate mushrooms is during the spring or fall season. These seasons provide the most conducive temperature for optimum mushroom growth.
Other than that these seasons give you the much needed leeway so you can grow mushrooms without too much effort. Since it is cool during these seasons, but not too cold, you don’t need to adjust the temperature of the room or place where you are growing your mushrooms.
Mushrooms are not picky in terms of their habitat. As long as you have sufficed their requirements, they are good to go. Well, you need to think of the ambient moisture.
Of course, you don’t want your mushrooms to wilt before they reach the market, do you? Not only that, you need to take note of the moisture in the substrates too. If the wood onto which they are attached becomes to dry, this would result in early wilting.
Different strokes for different folks. Well, in this case, it’s the mushrooms. Different kinds of mushrooms have different needs too. That is why there are some that are rarer than others.
For example, shitake mushrooms would require a growing log after the grains have been incubated. These types of fungi need special monitoring as the temperature is vital to achieve the best growth.
As mentioned earlier, humidity plays a special role. That is why it is important that you can somehow control this. But then again, you really don’t have to put a special tent or building for this.
The root of everything lies on the fact that you need to grow them within the four walls of any dark room so to give them a head start in temperature and humidity part.
The type of substrate is also important. Different kinds of mushrooms require different kinds of substrate. An example, use wheat straw or cottonseed hulls or combination of both when you want to cultivate oyster or button mushrooms.
Growing your own mushrooms does not need lengthy calculations. The formula is very simple. Find the perfect temperature, moisture and substrate and your mushroom garden will bloom. And that means big bucks or healthier food for you and your family.
Where Do Mushrooms Grow?
Edible mushrooms enthusiasts think of how mushrooms come about and where do they grow. Unlike plants that are grown from seeds and make use of sunlight and water to grow, mushrooms are just the fruiting bodies of fungi species.
They are the organs of fungi that are responsible for reproduction. Mushrooms are comparable to the ones growing on the concrete that holds together bathroom tiles. It is the way to spread fungal spores.
A basic cloning technique should be used in culturing mushrooms instead of making use of wild spores. It is more efficient than waiting for wild spores to meet.
Fungi grow in damp, dark places as long as there is moisture and source of carbohydrates. So it is possible for them to grow on a large mound of disintegrating grasses.
The main body of fungi is called mycelium. It is responsible for colonizing a substrate. It is a large bunch of hyphae or a thread-like component that spread and grows as fungi becomes more robust.
Mycelium is responsible for nutrient transport and various other chemical processes that enable fungi to survive. Without it, mushrooms will not grow. In the case where mushrooms do not emerge, mycelium is just waiting for a signal from the environment before it begins pinning.
Pinning means sudden formation of small, egg-like structures that would later become mushrooms. Different substrates are used to cultivate different mushrooms.
Oyster mushrooms grow on sterilized straws while shitake mushrooms as mentioned, are on logs and wooden chips. Many of these mushroom substrates are free of charge. You don’t have to spend huge amount of money for it.
You can just ask for waste wood chips and look on the roads for cut hardwood trees. Just make sure that you have prepared the incubating area for your substrates.